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  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
  • : preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /var/www/sciencelib/public_html/includes/unicode.inc on line 311.
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GD-sponsored Judiciary Bill Endorsed in Second Hearing

Civil.Ge Daily News - Sat, 04/20/2019 - 17:59

Civil.ge

With 87 votes for and 31 against, the Georgian Parliament endorsed with its second hearing on April 19 the controversial amendments to the Law of Georgia on Common Courts, backed by the ruling Georgian Dream party.

The lawmakers launched discussions on the bill at plenary sessions after the parliamentary committees held a series of sittings and the Venice Commission released its opinion about the bill. The ruling majority tried to launch discussions at a plenary session on April 17, but had to postpone it for a day amid the parliamentary opposition’s protest.

The discussions launched on April 18 lasted for two days. Anri Okhanashvili, chair of the Legal Issues Committee, who presented the bill to the lawmakers, noted that the proposed version reflected “almost all” recommendations given by the Venice Commission.

He said that the Georgian Dream compromised by omitting the requirement for qualification exams for potential judges and deciding that a High Council of Justice member wishing to compete for vacant Supreme Court seat will not be eligible to ask questions to and to assess the qualifications of another candidate.

“Over the past four months, we have carried out an absolutely transparent process, developing a detailed procedure [for selection and assessment of judges], which is without precedent” Okhanashvili said, adding that “we have taken into consideration all crucial recommendations of the Venice Commission.”

Political assessments

The bill drew strong criticism from opposition, who slammed the ruling majority for expediting the discussions and creating an impression of meeting the Venice Commission’s recommendations, without making required adaptations to the bill.

MP Tina Bokuchava of the opposition United National Movement accused Georgian Dream of lying, when it promised that all recommendations given by the Venice Commission would be reflected in the bill. “You staged a show to mislead the society. Actually, all these amendments will simply serve as a justification for you to propose the same list of judges under different procedures,” she said, adding that Georgian Dream leader, Bidzina Ivanishvili needs “Murusidze-Chinchaladze clan and the judiciary subordinated to this clan for the dirtiest of cases.”

MP Otar Kakhidze of the opposition European Georgia party said that the proposed bill does not reflect even a single crucial recommendation of the Venice Commission, including those on abolition of secret ballot and delaying a proportion of judicial appointments until after the next parliamentary elections. He accused the judiciary of acting on ruling party’s orders.

MP Mamuka Mdinaradze of the ruling party denied all accusations, saying that the opposition tries “to re-write history.” “They want to impede the judiciary, they have no other interests,” he noted.

“Opponents’ allegations that not a single [Venice Commission] recommendation has been met, are a lie,” he said, adding that the recommendations on qualification exams and conflict of interests have been fully met.

Public Defender’s assessment

Georgian Public Defender Nino Lomjaria, who reported to the Parliament on April 19, said that the process was carried out in a hasty manner and that “the issue requires more time and more discussion.”

She praised the ruling party for sharing the recommendations on qualification exams and on avoiding the conflict of interests, explaining however, that the latter amendment needed more clarification.

“HCoJ members wishing to compete for vacant Supreme Court seats should be completely excluded from all procedures related to the competition… this does not only mean that they should not take part in voting,” Lomjaria noted.

She also focused on the recommendations that require written substantiation of decisions by HCoJ and HCoJ judicial candidates must have a right to legal recourse, noting that regrettably, these points were not taken into consideration.

She expressed hope that these points, as well as the criticisms and proposals made during the session would be taken into account before the bill becomes the law.

The post GD-sponsored Judiciary Bill Endorsed in Second Hearing appeared first on Civil.ge.

Chief of President’s Administration to Step Down

Civil.Ge Daily News - Fri, 04/19/2019 - 22:11

Civil.ge

Lasha Zhvania, Chief of President’s Administration announced that he will step down from his position on May 1, 2019. He will return to the Charity Foundation of the Patriarchy of the Georgian Orthodox Church, a position that he held before assuming office alongside President Salome Zurabishvili.

In his Facebook post on April 19, Zhvania explained that he approached the President in March and requested to vacate the position at a convenient moment.

Zhvania explained, that at the time when he assumed the office at the Presidency “his Holiness [Patriarch Ilia II] satisfied the President’s request to assign me to the President’s administration, but did not release me from the Charity Foundation of the Patriarchy.” “So starting from May 1, I will leave the President’s administration and continue my work with my sweet and wise Patriarch,” Zhvania wrote.

He also thanked President Zurabishvili “for endowing him with great responsibility,” and said they “have surmounted a difficult period” of setting up the Presidency’s functioning in accordance with the new, more limited constitutional provisions and establishing relations with the executive and the wider society.

Lasha Zhvania was appointed as the Head of President’s Administration on December 18, 2018.

The post Chief of President’s Administration to Step Down appeared first on Civil.ge.

Georgian MP to Lead OSCE Observers in Ukraine Presidential Runoffs

Civil.Ge Daily News - Fri, 04/19/2019 - 19:36

Civil.ge

A member of the Georgian Parliament and the President of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly Giorgi Tsereteli will be the OSCE Special Coordinator and leader of the short-term OSCE observation mission for Ukraine’s presidential election this Sunday.

Tsereteli spoke of importance of the upcoming runoff being of the “highest standards.” “These elections are being held in extraordinary situation caused by Russia’s illegal annexation of Crimea and a hot conflict in the country’s eastern part,” he said.

Runoff between the two top contenders – acting president Petro Poroshenko and actor Volodymyr Zelenskiy – will be held in Ukraine on April 21.

The post Georgian MP to Lead OSCE Observers in Ukraine Presidential Runoffs appeared first on Civil.ge.

Adjara Public TV Board Dismisses Director

Civil.Ge Daily News - Fri, 04/19/2019 - 19:26

Civil.ge

The Board of Advisors of Adjara TV and Radio Company, a publicly-funded broadcaster based in Batumi, decided at its session on April 19 to dismiss Natia Kapanadze as the broadcaster’s director.

Four out of five members of the board voted in favor of Kapanadze’s dismissal through a secret ballot, and the remaining one voted against. The broadcaster will announce within 10 ten days a competition to select a new director. Until then, Natia Zoidze, former deputy director, will serve as an acting director.

Prior to making a decision, the advisory board held a public session, which was also attended by representatives of local civil society organizations. Two board members – Giga Chkhartishvili and Irakli Dartsmelidze – who lodged a complaint requesting Kapanadze’s impeachment, accused her of mismanagement of public funds, neglecting program priorities, shortcomings in organizational and human resource management, and closure of highly rated programs.

“The hype about some kind of attack against freedom of speech is absolutely unwarranted; editorial policy and freedom of speech is not threatened,” they said.

Bezhan Gobadze, a member of the advisory board, slammed the process as “orchestrated,” saying that the director should have been notified about alleged problems beforehand and the issue of her impeachment should have been raised only if no corrective action had been taken.

Commenting on the allegations, Natia Kapanadze said that all documents concerning the priorities, as well as monitoring and control of budget fulfillment were available to everyone and that she was ready to discuss the issues with all parties concerned.

Kapanadze also said after the meeting that “certain people do not need our editorial policy, our independence,” adding that she would challenge the decision in court.

Rusudan Imedaishvili, chair of the advisory board, also commented on the matter, saying that “some problems existed” in the broadcaster and they needed timely solution.

The board decision was slammed by a group of five Georgian CSOs, including the Transparency International Georgia. The organizations said Kapanadze’s dismissal “strengthens doubts about possible political interference.” “Unfortunately, this process is a continuation of the negative trend that has been underway in the country and that has aimed at worsening the media environment,” reads their statement.

Prior developments

A complaint requesting Kapanadze’s impeachment was lodged with the board of advisors on April 10, triggering criticism from Georgian CSOs and media watchdogs.

Representatives of international organizations, as well as the EU and U.S. Ambassadors to Georgia also commented on the issue, saying that they are following the developments closely.

A part of the broadcaster’s employees held a news briefing on April 18, accusing Natia Kapanadze of “faulty management” and making “unilateral decisions.” Some former employees of the broadcaster also attended the briefing, claiming Kapanadze dismissed them “unlawfully.”

On April 19, thirteen cameramen from the same TV Company went on a strike demanding pay rise. They claimed the director and members of the advisory board were informed about the demand, but no action was taken.

Kapanadze was elected to the post in October 2016, and her three-year term was to expire in October 2019.

The post Adjara Public TV Board Dismisses Director appeared first on Civil.ge.

S&P also Confirms the Accuracy of Priorities

gbc.ge news - Fri, 04/19/2019 - 17:23
Tbilisi (GBC) – For more illustration, Mamuka Bakhtadze names the Standard &Poor's assessment, which confirms accuracy of priorities in the economic policy.

Larization will Return the Rating to the Old Point

gbc.ge news - Fri, 04/19/2019 - 17:22
Tbilisi (GBC) - Fitch Ratings's decision is analyzed by the President of the NBG, who has returned from the US. Why the rating of 2 system banks had been deteriorated from positive to stabile, because lending was not responsible and it increased risks.

Avlabari Palace – New Tourist Facility

gbc.ge news - Fri, 04/19/2019 - 17:21
Tbilisi (GBC) - The Avlabari Palace will also have a museum space. It will become a tourist facility.

The Prime Minister Expressed Confidence in Turuna

gbc.ge news - Fri, 04/19/2019 - 17:20
Tbilisi (GBC) – “Thanks to the Prime Minister for his confidence and thanks to Goga for a brief and fruitful cooperation. We have high confidence and I will do my best to justify trust, "- Natia Turnava is ready for successful work.

PM Bakhtadze on Reasons for Sacking Economy Minister

Civil.Ge Daily News - Fri, 04/19/2019 - 16:13

Civil.ge

At a press briefing on April 19, Prime Minister Mamuka Bakhtadze spoke briefly of reasons for dismissing the Minister of Economy and Sustainable Development, Giorgi Kobulia.

Speaking to reporters, PM Bakhtadze said Kobulia, “an experienced economist and professional financier,” elaborated important development strategies for Georgia “which we will use in the future.”

The PM stressed, however, that the Ministry of Economy necessitates quick and effective decision-making. “We need quick decisions that serve the interests of our society and our entrepreneurs,” he noted.

PM Bakhtadze dismissed the media reports that Kobulia left the office in bad terms with the Prime Minister. He said the two met before the decision was announced and that “there were no problems about it.”

Bakhtadze spoke on the new minister as well, saying Natia Turnava is “a high-level professional with serious experience” in private and public sectors, and that he is convinced “she will cope with her responsibilities successfully.” The PM also underlined that Turnava has “a right sense of the country’s socio-economic situation.”

Asked if there may be other cabinet changes in the coming future, the Prime Minister said: “If any of the ministers fail to keep up the pace, which is necessary for delivering of what we have promised to our population, we will definitely take such steps, [but] at this point, no other changes are planned.”

Giorgi Kobulia was one of the three new ministers nominated into PM Bakhtadze’s cabinet in July 2018. While his resignation has long been rumored, precise reasons for resignation were not named.

The decision came a week after Georgian Dream leader Bidzina Ivanishvili said PM Mamuka Bakhtadze’s cabinet works “effectively,” but “there may be some questions about individual ministers.”

The post PM Bakhtadze on Reasons for Sacking Economy Minister appeared first on Civil.ge.

Meeting Putin, Estonia’s Kaljulaid Raises Georgia

Civil.Ge Daily News - Fri, 04/19/2019 - 15:25

Civil.ge

President of Estonia Kersti Kaljulaid, who was visiting Moscow on April 18, raised the matters related to Georgia and Ukraine, as she spoke about the conflicts in the two countries during the meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin.

Kaljulaid later told Moscow-based Kommersant newspaper that the two presidents disagree about these issues, but she stressed that Estonia, as the European Union member, “fully supports” European mechanism of sanctions, as well as territorial integrity of Georgia and Ukraine. 

 

Met with President of Russia @KremlinRussia_E Vladimir Putin today: better to talk to each other rather than about each other. Even if we know that we agree to disagree on several principle issues, two neighbors always have common issues to resolve and interests to pursue. pic.twitter.com/NWH9hxkfyI

— Kersti Kaljulaid (@KerstiKaljulaid) April 18, 2019

On the question, what exactly Putin and Kaljulaid discussed on Georgia “where the conflict has long been frozen,” the Estonian President responded that “Georgia has a new president now and we discussed what can be done.”

Estonia seeks a seat of a non-permanent member at the UN Security Council, which has been the primary reason for Kaljulaid’s visit to Moscow.

Context: Kersti Kaljulaid: Georgia’s New President Should be Able to Unite People

The post Meeting Putin, Estonia’s Kaljulaid Raises Georgia appeared first on Civil.ge.

Georgian Wine Remains in Tokyo until May 7

gbc.ge news - Fri, 04/19/2019 - 14:02
Tbilisi (GBC) – 12 wine companies are participating at Wine and Gourmet Japan. Our country is the partner of Wine and Gourmet Japan this year and 2 presentation-sampling events have been held.

Georgia’s Foreign Trade in January-March 2019

Civil.Ge Daily News - Fri, 04/19/2019 - 12:52

Civil.ge

Georgia’s foreign trade turnover in the first three months of 2019 decreased by 0.1%, compared to the same period last year, amounting to USD 2.8 billion, according to the preliminary figures released by the National Statistics Office, Geostat, on April 19.

Exports from Georgia were up by 12.8% year-on-year to USD 826 million, and imports were down by 4.7% y/y to USD 2 billion in January-March. The trade gap stood at USD 1.2 billion.

Trade turnover with the European Union (EU) member states stood at USD 698.1 million, which is a 14.9% decrease over the same period of last year. Exports from Georgia to the EU-member states decreased by 6.4% y/y to USD 196 million, while imports constituted USD 502.2 million, which is 17.8% lower than last year.

Trade turnover with the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) increased by 2.4% y/y to USD 992.2 million. Georgia’s exports to CIS countries were up by 37.4% y/y to USD 416.1 million and imports decreased by 13.5% to USD 576.1 million.

Turkey remains Georgia’s largest trading partner with USD 373.3 million in January-March of 2019, followed by Russia, Azerbaijan, China and Ukraine with USD 327 million, USD 272.5 million, USD 257.1 million and USD 136.7 million, respectively.

They are followed by Armenia with trade turnover of USD 135.2 million; United States – USD 134.4 million; Germany – USD 105.5 million; Bulgaria – USD 97.7 million; Romania – USD 90.8 million.

Russia tops the list of largest trading partners by exports with USD 135.4 million, followed by Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Armenia and Ukraine with USD 84.9 million, USD 68.1 million, USD 63.1 million and USD 62.3 million, respectively.

Turkey, China, Russia, Azerbaijan and United States are the top trading partners of Georgia in terms of imports with USD 316 million, USD 221.8 million, USD 191.7 million, USD 187.6 million and USD 94 million, respectively.

Copper ores and concentrates are on top of the list of export commodities with USD 135.6 million, followed by re-export of cars – USD 99.1 million; ferroalloys – USD 95.6 million; medicines – USD 52.4 million; wine – USD 49 million; nitrogen fertilizers – USD 35.4 million; mineral waters – USD 29.8 million; spirits – USD 26 million; cigarettes – USD 20.3 million; gold – USD 16.6 million; other commodities – USD 266.4 million.

Petroleum and petroleum oils are on top of the list of import commodities with USD 150.4 million, followed by petroleum gases – USD 131.5 million; copper ores and concentrates – USD 120.2 million; cars – USD 119 million; medicines – USD 89.3 million; mobile and other wireless phones – USD 39 million; electricity – USD 23 million; wheat – USD 22.8 million; tires – USD 22.4 million; cigarettes – USD 16.9 million; other commodities – USD 1.2 billion.

The post Georgia’s Foreign Trade in January-March 2019 appeared first on Civil.ge.

Decline is Fixed in 3 out of TOP-10 Export Groups

gbc.ge news - Fri, 04/19/2019 - 12:34
Tbilisi (GBC) – Decline is fixed in 3 out of TOP -10 Export Groups.

Georgia’s Export is Decreased to the EU, while Increased with the CIS

gbc.ge news - Fri, 04/19/2019 - 12:33
Tbilisi (GBC) – Georgia’s external merchandise is declined with the EU, while increased with the CIS.

Trilateral Agreement to be signed on Khadori-3 HPP in Pankisi

gbc.ge news - Fri, 04/19/2019 - 12:33
Tbilisi (GBC) - Trilateral agreement will be signed on Khadori-3 HPP in Pankisi. The decision was made at a meeting in Duisi, which was held on April 18.

Natia Turnava Replaces Kobulia

gbc.ge news - Fri, 04/19/2019 - 12:31
Tbilisi (GBC) –Natia Turnava replaces Giorgi Kobulia. Prime Minister Mamuka Bakhtadze signed a document on Giorgi Kobulia’s dismiss.

Turnava Tapped New Economy Minister

Civil.Ge Daily News - Thu, 04/18/2019 - 22:49

Civil.ge

Georgian Prime Minister Mamuka Bakhtadze appointed today Natia Turnava as the new Minister of Economy and Sustainable Development, sacking Giorgi Kobulia, who served from July 2018.

Turnava, 49, who is promoted from the post of the Deputy Minister of Economy, had worked as the Deputy CEO of the Partnership Fund in 2013-2018. She also did a stint as the deputy minister of economy back in 2000-2005, and briefly as Deputy Secretary of the National Security Council in May-September 2005. She has been the Board Member of the influential Georgian Industrial Group (GIG) in 2006-2013.

Giorgi Kobulia was one of the three new ministers nominated into PM Bakhtadze’s cabinet. While his resignation has long been rumored, precise reasons for resignation were not named. Doorstepped by the media earlier today, he could not confirm departure from the functions. It is expected, that PM Bakhtadze might shed some light on this matter tomorrow, before the cabinet meeting.

The post Turnava Tapped New Economy Minister appeared first on Civil.ge.

UN Ambassadors Meet President Zurabishvili, Visit Occupation Line

Civil.Ge Daily News - Thu, 04/18/2019 - 18:28

Civil.ge

President Salome Zurabishvili received permanent representatives from the Dominican Republic, Eswatini, Finland, Marshall Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia and Senegal to the United Nations. The Ambassadors are visiting Georgia on April 14-21.

According to Zurabishvili’s press office, the ambassadors were briefed on Georgia’s EU integration process, as well as on the human rights and security situation in the occupied regions of Abkhazia and Tskhinvali Region/South Ossetia.

Meeting today with @FinlandUN

Basis Bank is the Most Reliable Partner of the Business

gbc.ge news - Thu, 04/18/2019 - 18:15
Tbilisi (GBC) – Basis Bank increased portfolio of business loan.

Giorgi Kobulia Leaves the Position

gbc.ge news - Thu, 04/18/2019 - 18:08
Tbilisi (GBC) – Giorgi Kobulia leaves the post of Minister of Economy and Sustainable Development of Georgia. TV company "Imedi" reports about it.
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